Have you ever thought about having aquatic wildlife in your garden pond? It’s true that your garden will look so much better with extra occupants like frogs, snails or water insects. Make your pond as natural as possible would be a good idea to invite them. All animals need water to live or to drink. Some of them spend all of their life in the water and some come for drinking and bathing.
Frogs and toads are easy guests to be invited. Once they sense the existence of a pond, they will consider it as a source of food and shelter. Just like the amphibians, the water bugs and insects will also be attracted with ponds to lay their eggs. They are the food source for other animals in the ponds.
List of waterbugs and insects
- pond skaters
- water boatmen
- water beetles,
- caddis flies
Aquatic animals will not stay long in a pond where the surrounding doesn’t really look like their natural habitat. Putting duckweed and algae will create more comfortable natural environment. Duckweed is used to protect the frogs and toads from an excessive contact with the sun.
However, you need to control the algae and duckweed in your pond. Too much duckweed will obstruct light and oxygen entering the water which will harm other plants living in the bottom of the ponds. Use pond pads during summer time to control the algae.
Plant your pond naturally. It’s not necessary to buy water plants, wildlife and plants will come automatically.
If you want to add plants, try to create a mixture of different aquatic plants like in the images below:
Submerged aquatic plants
Marginal plants & Bog plants
Other interesting tips for pond owners:
- Create a creative water-to-land access to facilitate the amphibians.
- Putting small caves or planting small trees in the sides of the ponds to provide shelter for the wildlife
- Make sure your pond is full with vegetation to invite small invertebrates.
- Create a “wildlife inviting pond” that has an sufficient depth and length for wildlife to live. The depth should be at least 60 cm and the length depends on your preference.
- Use clean/barrel water to fill the pool. Fresh rain water is the most ideal solution to have the most conducive environment for the wildlife. Try to avoid using water from pollutes source.
- Fill the bottom of the pond with with rocks and stones